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SINUSITIS

OVERVIEW

Sinusitis isusually caused by a viral infection and a common condition in which the lining of the sinuses becomes swollen. The situation, often improves within two or three weeks.

Symptoms

  • A green or yellow discharge from your nose
  • A blocked nose
  • A high temperature
  • Toothache
  • Pain and tenderness around your cheeks, eyes or forehead
  • A sinus headache
  • A reduced sense of smell
  • Bad breath

Causes

There is no clarity on whatexactly causes sinusitis to become chronic, but it has been associated with:

  • Allergies and related conditions, including allergic rhinitis, asthma and hay fever
  • Nasal polyps
  • Smoking
  • A weakened immune system
  • Making sure underlying conditions such as allergies and asthma are well controlled may improve the symptoms of chronic sinusitis.

Treatment

  • Taking over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen
  • Using nasal decongestants – these shouldn't be used for more than a week, as this might make things worse
  • Holding warm packs to face
  • Regularly cleaning the inside of nose with a saline solution bought from a pharmacy
  • If the condition does not improve or get worse, doctors advice antibiotics or corticosteroid spray or drops to see if they help.
  • And if the condition remains the same even after trying these treatments, better to visit an ENT specialist for surgery to improve the drainage of sinuses.
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