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IMFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE

OVERVIEW

Also known as IBD, Inflammatory Bowel Disease is a group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine.

Symptoms

Depending on the severity of inflammation and where it occurs, signs and symptoms of Inflammatory Bowel Disease vary and include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Fever and fatigue
  • Blood in your stool
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Reduced appetite
  • Abdominal pain and cramping

Causes

Though the exact cause of Inflammatory Bowel Disease remains unknown, age, race/ ethnicity, family history, cigarette smoking, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications are known to add to the risks.

Treatment

In most cases, the treatment includes either drug therapy or surgery. Doctors may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, immune system suppressors, antibiotics, pain relievers, and calcium, vitamin D and iron supplements to treat the condition.

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